Hose fittings are components used to link hose runs with other tools/equipment, hose segments or other parts. A hose system usually contains straight sections with hose connectors fittings but sometimes it may have special configurations in the connection and joints. It is vital to distinguish between a pipe or tube and a hose when searching for suitable connectors. Although the terms may be interchangeable in some instances, a hose is characterised by portability and flexibility.
Selecting the right hose connector will largely depend on the intended applications, and a fitting supplier should recommend the best-suited ones. Another aspect that influences the type of hose concerto fittings is the system itself; whether it’s hydraulic or pneumatic. Hoses that have pneumatic systems are used in the transportation of gases. Connector fittings for a pneumatic system are designed to resist corrosion from different gases and have tight seals to prevent the escape of gases. In hydraulic systems, hoses are responsible for carrying liquids, mostly water and chemical solvents. The same characteristics of corrosion resistance and tight sealing are applicable in these systems as well.
Here are a few fitting types based on the connections
Compression fittings – contain a compression nut and ferrule that facilitates the connection of two hoses by compressing them. Traditionally a compression fitting is suitable for tubes and pipes, but it can also be configured to link a hose to a tube.
Ball and Sleeve – the ball connects to the inner section while the sleeve goes on the outer side of a hose. For hoses that need constant connection and disconnection, the fitting comes with a push-to-connect mechanism.
Cam-lock – a fitting with tabs that fold down on the hose after insertion to ensure the connector stays in place during heavy duty applications.
Barbed – these fittings are appropriate for low-pressure use because they don’t come with strong seals. They have ridged barbed tubing’s that insert into hoses for connections.